Device SDK

The wiotp.sdk.device package contains the following:

Two client implementations:

  • wiotp.sdk.device.DeviceClient
  • wiotp.sdk.device.ManagedDeviceClient

Support classes for working with the data model:

  • wiotp.sdk.device.Command
  • wiotp.sdk.device.DeviceInfo
  • wiotp.sdk.device.DeviceFirmware

Support methods for handling device configuration:

  • wiotp.sdk.device.parseConfigFile
  • wiotp.sdk.device.parseEnvVars


Device configuration is passed to the client via the config parameter when you create the client instance. See the configure devices section for full details of all available options, and the built-in support for YAML file and environment variable sourced configuration.

myConfig = { 
    "identity": {
        "orgId": "org1id",
        "typeId": "raspberry-pi-3"
        "deviceId": "00ef08ac05"
    "auth" {
        "token": "Ab$76s)asj8_s5"
client = wiotp.sdk.device.DeviceClient(config=myConfig)


connect() & disconnect() methods are used to manage the MQTT connection to IBM Watson IoT Platform that allows the device to handle commands and publish events.

Publishing Events

Events are the mechanism by which devices publish data to the Watson IoT Platform. The device controls the content of the event and assigns a name for each event that it sends.

When an event is received by Watson IoT Platform, the credentials of the received event identify the sending device, which means that a device cannot impersonate another device.

Events can be published with any of the three quality of service (QoS) levels that are defined by the MQTT protocol. By default, events are published with a QoS level of 0.

publishEvent() takes up to 5 arguments:

  • eventId Name of this event
  • msgFormat Format of the data for this event
  • data Data for this event
  • qos MQTT quality of service level to use (0, 1, or 2)
  • onPublish A function that will be called when receipt of the publication is confirmed.

Callback and QoS

The use of the optional onPublish function has different implications depending on the level of qos used to publish the event:

  • qos 0: the client has asynchronously begun to send the event
  • qos 1 and 2: the client has confirmation of delivery from the platform
def eventPublishCallback():
    print("Device Publish Event done!!!")

client.publishEvent(eventId="status", msgFormat="json", data=myData, qos=0, onPublish=eventPublishCallback)

Handling Commands

When the device client connects, it automatically subscribes to any command that is specified for this device. To process specific commands, you need to register a command callback method.

def myCommandCallback(cmd):
    print("Command received: %s" %

client.commandCallback = myCommandCallback

The messages are returned as an instance of the Command class with the following attributes:

  • commandId: Identifies the command
  • format: Format that the command was encoded in, for example json
  • data: Data for the payload converted to a Python dict by an impleentation of MessageCodec
  • timestamp: Date and time that the event was recieved (as datetime.datetime object)

If a command is recieved in an unknown format or if a device does not recognize the format, the device library raises wiotp.sdk.MissingMessageDecoderException.

Sample Code

import wiotp.sdk.device

def myCommandCallback(cmd):
    print("Command received: %s" %

# Configure
myConfig = wiotp.sdk.device.parseConfigFile("device.yaml")
client = wiotp.sdk.device.DeviceClient(config=myConfig, logHandlers=None)
client.commandCallback = myCommandCallback

# Connect

# Send Data
myData={'name' : 'foo', 'cpu' : 60, 'mem' : 50}
client.publishEvent(eventId="status", msgFormat="json", data=myData, qos=0, onPublish=None)

# Disconnect